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How to Choose The Right Automation Testing Tool

Suyash Dubey
By Suyash Dubey
November 15, 2019
6 min Read
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How to Choose The Right Automation Testing Tool

Test automation is gradually taking over manual testing as it saves time and improves the quality of testing. Especially in the case of regression testing, automation can improve efficiency by manifold. It is a waste of time and resources to do repetitive testing manually. Also, there is a scope for an error as repetitive testing can be exhausting but the chances of errors occurring in automation are slim. But what is automation testing? In simple terms, automation testing is replacing the manual human activity with a system that performs test cases by repeating predefined actions. To get the most out of automation it is necessary to select the right automation testing tool.

Types of Automation Testing Tools


Record & Replay: Tools in this category provide a recording option for the automated script. Every interaction on the screen like tapping, scrolling or typing will be recorded and converted into automation steps. The recorded scripts can be replayed to perform the actions and to verify the AUT.

Coordinate based recognition: Tools in this category interact with the application under test with the help of x/y coordinates, to automate and verify the application.

Native object recognition: Tools that use the native object recognition detect the UI or control elements on their given element tree. This tree is built by XPATH, XML or CSS to identify the elements, verify and automate the script.

Text recognition: Text recognition: Text recognition or (OCR) Optical Character Recognition tools identify elements based on their text. These tools use visible texts to drive automation and to verify the app.

Image recognition: These tools take screenshots of the UI elements in the product to add them to the automation scripts. The AUT will be automated with the help of these screenshots.

A lot of test automation tools support more than one recognition approach which can be useful to get more robust automation scripts. Now let us look at the factors to consider while selecting the automation testing tools.

Platform Support

Are you looking for automation testing tools for web apps or mobile apps? If mobile app then is it hybrid, native or PWA? The scripting language is also an important factor in many cases as mobile automation testing tools do not support all the languages. So if you developed your app using JavaScript then it’s not recommended to use UFT for test automation. In that case, go for a tool like Selenium that is flexible with the scripting language.

There are a lot of test automation tools that support freeware frameworks like Selenium and Appium. Framework integration helps in reducing the effort put into the testing and increasing the collaboration between the teams. Tool integration forms an ecosystem of a collaborative effort that helps in object identification, bug logging, test case management, report sharing, and shared repository.

Ease of Adoption

Ease of adoption can be measured on the basis of the skills required to use the tool and the learning curve. If there are resources available easily on the internet to learn the functioning of the tool then it is a plus point. Also, the support should be good and it’s an advantage if there is an active community that will give a rough idea about the complexities of the tool. We have observed that the installation process is also lengthy for some tools and frameworks. But overall the team should be able to use the tool easily with the skill set or the experience they have.

Ease of Scripting

Most of the automation testing tools provide flexible scripting options. It allows testing teams to write test scripts in their preferred languages. A good test automation tool helps in getting better reusability of test components and provides flexibility in scripts that can be reused across projects. Scripting time with object identification, speed of script execution, support for CI/CD tools like Jenkins, usually these attributes are considered before selecting the tool.

Integrations

If the testing team is using a test case or a bug management tool then the team would prefer an automation tool that can be easily integrated into those tools. It helps in managing the app development lifecycle properly.

The keyword-driven or data-driven automation framework should be easily integrated into any data source. It is convenient if the tool provides connectivity with different data sources easily.

Test Analytics

Analytical reports form the backbone of test automation as it provides insights into the success of the process. Automation tools must provide customizable dashboards to view different types of reports shared across various teams.

Real-time reports traceability and sharing ensure feature validation and efficient test coverage. Quality metrics such as injection rate, defect density, and test execution status allow you to maintain quality at every stage of continuous testing. It’s convenient to analyze results to identify bugs, patterns, and do a root cause analysis with a good automation tool.

License Type and Cost

It’s better to go for open-source tools but not every open-source automation tool has all the attributes that you might be looking for. Even if you opt for the proprietary licensed tools, you need to figure out how much you need to spend on the maintenance.

Some companies offer live support and training for premium plans. So you might want to upgrade to avail of these services. There is also something called runtime license if you just want to execute the automation on different machines. Apart from that, there are options for a node-locked license for a single machine and a concurrent floating license to use the tool on multiple systems.

giphy-min

To Sum Up

If you are still confused and want to further simplify the tool selecting process, then use a tool comparison matrix. Jot down your preferred 2,3 or even 5 tools and then rate them on the basis of all the factors that we have discussed earlier in this blog. This way it will be easier to make a decision on the basis of your requirements.

As far as mobile test automation tools are concerned, device coverage holds the key. It is recommended to use a cloud-based testing platform to run your automated test on multiple devices. Automation is the soul of any CI/CD pipeline and for the successful implementation of DevOps, it is crucial to choose the right automation testing tools.

Suyash Dubey
Suyash Dubey

Suyash is a content strategist at pCloudy. He is a frequent contributor to the world's leading mobile technology blogs and tech forums. In his spare time, you will find him reading detective novels, watching a documentary or exploring a new destination.

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Run Espresso on pCloudy using pCoudy Utility

Varun Kumar
By Varun Kumar
October 23, 2019
3 min Read
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Run Espresso on pCloudy using pCoudy Utility

Espresso is a testing framework for Android which automatically synchronizes your test actions with the UI of your app. It also lets the test wait until all the background activities have finished.

The pCloudy utility uploads your Application APK, test APK and other APK files to pCloudy. It will then acquire a device to run your test on, execute those tests and report back the status and test report.

In pCloudy you don’t have to set up the environment. Just follow these simple steps.

After the test cases are run you can see the detailed reports. Once automation ends, the device under test will be released automatically so that you or other users can use it later.

There are two ways you can execute espresso test cases. Here are the steps for both

1. pCloudy UI Dashboard
a. In pCloudy UI there is a section called Automation where you will find multiple automation frameworks integrated to the platform.
b.Select the Espresso automation and to fill in the required details.


Espresso-on-pCloudy
c. pCloudy Support two TestRunners.
i. AndroidJUnitRunner (android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner)
ii. AndroidXJUnitRunner (androidx.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner)

Espresso-on-pCloudy
d. Select your Application and Test Application.

Espresso-on-pCloudy
e. Select the required devices.

Espresso-on-pCloudy
f. Click on Next button and Schedule the automation by clicking on the Schedule button.

Espresso-on-pCloudy
g. You will get a dialog box. Click on Ok.

Espresso-on-pCloudy
Espresso-on-pCloudy
h. You will get the active session details on the Dashboard and you will also be able to see the Live view.

Espresso-on-pCloudy
i. Liveview will help you to see the live execution on your test cases. Click on the Liveview icon

Espresso-on-pCloudy
2.pCloudy Utility

a. Download the espresso starter pack from here and Unzip it
b. You will find two files,
i. pCloudy_Espresso.jar
ii.Config.properties
c. Place the config.properties file and pCloudy_Espresso.js file into the same directory.
d. Update the config.properties file as guided in the comments in the file.
e. In your workspace, run the command by typing the java -jar pCloudy_Espresso.jar

Espresso-on-pCloudy
f. This will upload the required files which you have mentioned inside the config.properties files.

g. You will get the status of the Automation in pCloudy Dashboard ActiveSession.

Espresso-on-pCloudy

h. Even on the pCloudy dashboard, you can use the Liveview by which you can see the running test cases.

Espresso-on-pCloudy
i. Once the test execution is over, You will get a URL of the test execution report on the terminal.

Espresso-on-pCloudy
j. You can open the report from the dashboard Report section also. In the report, all the test details will be there as shown in the screenshots below.

Espresso-on-pCloudy

k. You will also get individual device reports. Inside the test case level details, you will find performance details, test case logs, device logs, and video files.

Espresso-on-pCloudy
Espresso-on-pCloudy

Varun Kumar
Varun Kumar

Varun is an avid technologist. He has more than 4 years of experience in Android development and AI is his latest passion. In his free time he likes to acquire knowledge of emerging technologies and explore new trends in app development.

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Automated Testing Using Espresso

Avinash
By Avinash
August 25, 2016
2 min Read
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Automated Testing Using Espresso

Automation Testing With Espresso

Now you can run your Espresso Scripts on hundreds of Mobile devices over pCloudy.com.

Espresso is a testing framework for Android apps. The platform allows you to write concise and reliable Android UI tests. pCloudy.com provides you the platform to run these scripts on multiple mobile devices of your choice.

Here are the steps for running your Test Scripts on multiple Android Devices:

  • Login over www.pcloudy.com with your registered Email ID & Password.
  • Choose Instrumentation Type based on your Test Scripts you’ve written. pCloudy provides support for Instrumentation Type
  • (InstrumentationTestRunner, AndroidJUnitRunner) for Android. For more information, see Instrumentation in the Testing Fundamentals section of the Android Developer Tools documentation.
  • Go to the Automator Page
  • Select Android OS version & Manufacturer
  • Choose Espresso (to run Espresso Scripts)
  • Select Instrumentation Type (TestInstrumentationRunner/AndroidJUnitRunner).
  • Select Application .apk file (the App to be tested)
  • Select Test Script .apk file (the Test Script developed for testing)
  • Enter Single Device execution Time (Time required for the entire script to be executed on single device)
  • Enter Name of your Test Cycle (this name will represent your Test Cycle)
  • Click on Schedule Test Cycle

test-automator

In the next step, you need to confirm schedule of test automation. Here, you can see your selected application, test script, device etc.

confirm-test-cycle

Further, you get a pop up message of test automation schedule confirmation.

Click on OK to proceed.

test-cycle-scheduling-successful

Go to your mailbox and open pCloudy Automation Alert mail.
Click on the given link “Click to view Report”.

simplest-online-device-cloud

Finally, you get result of your scheduled test automation.

cloud-automator-report

Avinash
Avinash

Avinash Tiwari is a thought leader, a recognized keynote speaker, and the co-founder of pCloudy.com. He has 15+ experience in Product development and Testing. He brings with him a passion for emerging technology and quick adoption, both of which have solidified his reputation as a leader in the mobile app testing field.

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